It is the union document of Colombian coffee growers that allows them to elect and be elected in the FNC elections, a democratic and pluralistic process held every four years throughout the coffee country, which covers 23 departments and 603 municipalities.
This union ID has substantially evolved in the services it offers. In 2006, through an alliance of the FNC with Banco de Bogotá, it became the Smart Coffee ID Card, an instrument with financial functions that incorporated a band and a chip for safely and traceably receiving payments from coffee sales and FNC programs.
By 2014, for increasing the advantages of the Smart Coffee ID Card and Smart Coffee Card, the FNC Steering Committee approved their being associated with a savings account. By July 2019, the Smart Coffee ID Card had allowed providing banking services to over 380,000 producers in 420 municipalities of 20 departments.
This is how the Smart Coffee ID Card, in addition to being the union ID of Colombian coffee growers, is an instrument that has allowed their financial inclusion, a unique model in the country’s rural sector.
The institutional coffee marketing process is structured based on the purchase guarantee: from the base price quoted on the New York Stock Exchange, coffee quality is rewarded through the yield factor process and specialty coffee programs. In addition, price protection tools and a model for exporting coffee in small quantities, which contribute to profitability of Colombian coffee-growing families, are made available to producers.
In Colombia, over 2.2 million people depend economically and directly on coffee farming, that is, about 25% of the rural population in 22 of the country’s 32 departments and in 600 municipalities (53% of the total).
But coffee, in addition to being a driving force for regional economies, continues having an important weight in the Colombian economy, as it represents over 8% of total exports and contributes about 12% of the Gross Domestic Agricultural Product. All this is based on an economy of family farms in which 96% of producers have less than 5 hectares planted with coffee.
In this publication you will find climate information about the Colombian coffee regions each month of the year, and how it relates to agronomic practices for coffee cultivation depending on the region and the crop growth state.