The institutional coffee marketing process is structured based on the purchase guarantee: from the base price quoted on the New York Stock Exchange, coffee quality is rewarded through the yield factor process and specialty coffee programs. In addition, price protection tools and a model for exporting coffee in small quantities, which contribute to profitability of Colombian coffee-growing families, are made available to producers.
In Colombia, over 2.2 million people depend economically and directly on coffee farming, that is, about 25% of the rural population in 22 of the country’s 32 departments and in 600 municipalities (53% of the total).
But coffee, in addition to being a driving force for regional economies, continues having an important weight in the Colombian economy, as it represents over 8% of total exports and contributes about 12% of the Gross Domestic Agricultural Product. All this is based on an economy of family farms in which 96% of producers have less than 5 hectares planted with coffee.
In this publication you will find climate information about the Colombian coffee regions each month of the year, and how it relates to agronomic practices for coffee cultivation depending on the region and the crop growth state.